This is composed of empowerment, team orientation, and capability development [49]. The first step was to identify the preliminary factors influencing group bidding decisions through a thorough literature review and comprises two stages. Therefore, what frequently happens is that projec… This is not just a social studies teacher issue, but one that transcends all disciplines and stretches far back into our collective memory as teachers. Design. Labs. The members of this kind of group are usually from different units, which may have different working habits. However, most studies where potential factors are explored are in the field of psychology, and these studies generally focus on the specific kinds of influencing factors (e.g., majority and minority influences, group size, and framing) by conducting psychological experiments [16–19]. Majority influence is also another significant factor [19], where 50 percent or more of the group members reach an agreement in the decision process is said to constitute compliance from these members without the need for detailed processing of their messages [39]. How we develop ActiveCollab, and the process and thinking behind design decisions. [6] identify 11 bidding factors and examine effects of these factors on bidding success. In most cases, the construction company will create a temporary bidding group for a specific project. The target population was experienced construction industry personnel who had attended group bidding decision-making or carried out bidding preparation work and who were familiar with the bidding process of their respective firms and departments. Additionally, students had to get a signed permission form from their parent(s)/guardian(s) in order to participate in a group; an example of this form can be seen at. Considerations in group vs. individual work are as shown. The processes involved in group bidding decision-making are becoming more complex due to the interactions and interdependencies among group members [27]. The specific sampling approach employed in this research is the snowball sampling method (i.e., respondent-driven sampling), in which respondents share or know others who also had experiences of group bidding decision processes involved. Project Plan 1 is for teams that need the essential capabilities of managing task-oriented projects like assigning tasks and dependencies and scheduling and tracking project work using lists, boards, and timelines. ‘Projects’ can represent a range of tasks that can be done at home or in the classroom, by parents or groups of students, quickly or over time. Therefore, it can be concluded that the team should have broad perspectives on risk and agreement on the risk decision. In the interviews, some interviewees pointed out that their group members generally do not bid in some circumstances. Campus vs Group vs individual buildings. The data used to support the findings of this research are available from the corresponding author upon request. These concepts are covered on cross-cultural training programmes such as Communicating Effectively across Cultures as well as cross cultural training for business and management programmes such as Doing Business in India . Moreover, the data were collected mainly from the Chinese overseas contractors, and further research could also be carried out using similar methods in detailed comparative studies between the different enterprises in different countries. The company can be a stakeholder of the SGM training via the group projects in 4SGM4SGM group projectIt consist of cross-disciplinary projects in groups of 6 to 8 students. Secondly, “mission” considers the extent to which organizations have a mission that informs employees why they are doing the work they do and how the work they do each day contributes to why they are doing it. Everyone has an opinion on this, and many teachers will tell you that they ALWAYS do. In the second step of the research, in-depth face-to-face interviews were conducted with 32 middle and senior managers of Chinese international contractors to test the feasibility and comprehensiveness of the factors identified in the first step. However, these studies did not attempt to distinguish between factors. Further research is needed to investigate the factors that affect group bidding decisions from a more comprehensive perspective. Of these, “risk perception” is ranked first, which indicates that each individual group member is aware of, and has an opinion about, the possible risks in each case. It is noteworthy that all three factors in this grouping are ranked among the top four influencing factors, indicating it plays a key role in the process of group bidding decisions. Hence, the data are appropriate for EFA. Except group-level factors, the traits of individual members and also the organizational context will shape the group decision-making [27]. Applying this principle here, the factors with mean scores closer to the maximum mean of all factors are regarded as critical factors. Moreover, besides bidding groups formed by members from different units of a company, groups including members from different companies are also common in current large-sized projects due to increasing adoptions of construction joint ventures (CJVs) agreements. 5. Estimates generated from the data of the snowball sampling method are asymptotically unbiased, no matter how the seeds are chosen [66–68]. Hence, organizational culture factors are identified as factors belonging to the organizational level that influences group bidding decisions. [2], who determined critical factors to be those with normalized values equal to or greater than 0.50. For example, Olatunji et al. (Scenario) The CEO of your company has been extremely frustrated with what has been occurring within the organization lately. I did not just mention groups once, but routinely brought it up. The five factor groups explain 80.59% of the variance (as indicated in Table 4), higher than the guideline of 60% recommended by Malhotra [72]. No matter what, bring people and equipment that will help you move forward, not sink the ship. In addition, the factors can be assigned into five groupings: (1) values and strategic goals, (2) collaboration and learning orientation, (3) consen… Review articles are excluded from this waiver policy. From working in group projects, I have been able to experience the different ways people think and brainstorm. A variety of theoretical frameworks of organizational culture have been proposed. Case 1 . This research deepens the understanding of factors belonging to different organizational levels that need to be highlighted during the group bidding decision-making process and provides strategies for bidding groups and their companies to improve their decision performance. Individual incentive plans reward employees for the strong contributions they personally make. The main reason to this result may be that the preferred project type and location are relatively steady, and that little attention is paid to increase capabilities to adapt to external change. I did not just mention groups once, but routinely brought it up. HIDE THIS PAPER GRAB THE BEST PAPER 95.5% of users find it useful. Your email address will not be published. “Organizational learning” is ranked last. Benefits of Individual Incentive Plans. Therefore, DOCM is selected in this research to investigate the factors affecting the interactive group bidding decision-making process at the organizational level. In addition, the factors can be assigned into five groupings: (1) values and strategic goals, (2) collaboration and learning orientation, (3) consensus reaching, (4) risk awareness, and (5) empowerment and development. Early work mainly involved the bidding factors unique to countries and geographical regions, such as Ahmad and Minkarah [24] identified 31 key factors affecting the bidding decision process of contractors in the USA, which provided the foundation for follow-up studies [7]. Everyone has an opinion on this, and many teachers will tell you that they ALWAYS do some strategy because they had a positive or negative experience at some point. Overall, I had some surprising students work individually, and then other groups form from students who did not really know one another until they started the project. Organizational culture shapes its members ways of behaviors and decisions [1, 45], and previous research also has demonstrated that it has an significant impact on team decisions [46]. We were a group of 4 individuals working on this project and we have assigned different tasks to each person of the group. Some prefer working by themselves while others enjoy collaborating. One of the only rules I placed on student groups, beyond the rules already established in National History Day, was they had to choose students who had similar historical interests that they did, or the students had to explain in great detail as to how their seemingly different interests could be combined into one project. INDIVIDUAL REFLECTIVE REPORT This Individual report exemplifies my experiences of functioning as a team member for a marketing report.We had made a team of six members. The group member with higher risk perception would more likely to bid low-risk projects, The group member who is more risk seeking would more likely to bid high-risk projects, Most of the group members prefer to make a bid decision that could meet their personal interest (e.g., profits and future development), The size of bidding group will affect the time of reaching consensus, and it also plays a role in the decision quality, A majority of group members often hold the power and impose their opinions on the minority during the decision-making process, The group’s ability of identification and utilizing of expertise of its members is vital to the decision-making performance, The efficient communication among group members will promote the information flow and improve the decision quality, The group’s preference determined by previous bidding experiences will impact its bidding decisions in the future, Learning orientation decreases the possibility of making wrong bidding decisions in the future, The degree of willingness of serving clients’ needs has an effect on the group’s biding decisions, The ability of adopting improved and new ways in the work impacts the group’s bidding decisions, Internalized values guide organization members’ behaviors and thus influence the group’s bidding decisions, The ability to reach agreement on difficult issues is critical to the group bidding decision performance, The degree of group members from different units working together for a common goal significantly influences the decision-making process, A clear view on the state in the future will encourage group members to take risk during the bidding decision, If clear goals are provided for group members, then the bidding group is more likely to make reasonable decisions, A clear view on long-team purpose and direction prevents group members to underestimate real risks of the current project, Group members which come from an empowered organization are willing to share their knowledge during the decision-making process, The degree of the organization emphasizing the importance of teamwork influences bidding groups’ cohesion and decision performance, The degree of the organization emphasizing the investigation of employee development influences bidding group members’ competitions and decision performances, W. W. Low, H. Abdul-Rahman, and N. Zakaria, “The impact of organizational culture on international bidding decisions: Malaysia context,”, X. Zhao, B.-G. Hwang, S. Pheng Low, and P. Wu, “Reducing hindrances to enterprise risk management implementation in construction firms,”, Y. In addition, some studies focus on analyzing the interrelations between bidding factors or exploring effects of bidding factors on bidding results. In the project environment, a team implies a number of people working together to achieve a common goal, while a group of people implies a collection of individuals who, although they might be working on the same project, do not necessarily interact with each other. Students testing seepage in their practical lab session for CI2-250. The relationships between the five groupings classified in this research are also worthy of further study. Advantages of Group Work (Disadvantages of not Using Individual Work) Disadvantages of Group Work (Advantages of Using Individual Work) Students learn quality skills and insights from one another, especially from the variation of work experience and relevant courses taken. 2h per week are dedicated to the project in the schedule. The Project suite of products has always come at an additional cost, and for smaller projects the cost isn’t always able to be justified. Fourthly, “involvement” is concerned with creating a sense of ownership and responsibility in order to develop greater commitment to the organization and an increased capacity for autonomy. Our main aim in report was to present a marketing plan and stratagem to re-launch an artifact which is presently being sold in UK restaurant. You share struggles and successes with your peers – and … After the search process, 18 factors belonging to individual, group, and organizational levels were identified from the final selected articles. The KMO value is 0.826, indicating a high degree of common variance among factors. The “collaboration and learning orientation” grouping contains four factors: (1) agreement, (2) communication, (3) coordination and integration, and (4) organizational learning. A video is being made to review this process and will be uploaded to this article. A. Mellers and A. D. Cooke, “Trade-offs depend on attribute range,”, G. Zhang and J. Lu, “An integrated group decision-making method dealing with fuzzy preferences for alternatives and individual judgments for selection criteria,”, V. B. Hinsz, “Group decision making with responses of a quantitative nature: the theory of social decision schemes for quantities,”, J. H. Davis, “Group decision and social interaction: a theory of social decision schemes,”, B. L. Bonner, M. R. Baumann, and R. S. Dalal, “The effects of member expertise on group decision-making and performance,”, R. Martin, A. Gardikiotis, and M. Hewstone, “Levels of consensus and majority and minority influence,”, T. Egerbladh, “A social decision scheme approach on group size task difficulty and ability level,”, S. R. Hiltz, K. Johnson, and M. Turoff, “Experiments in group decision making communication process and outcome in face-to-face versus computerized conferences,”, J. This study identifies and analyzes the factors that influence group bidding decision-making for construction projects. Group bidding decision-making is a process in which group members discuss specific project opportunities in order to make their bid/no bid decisions. We are committed to sharing findings related to COVID-19 as quickly as possible. The profiles of the respondents are shown in Table 2. Aznar et al. 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