As teachers, we can sometimes get into a routine and just stick to the classic methods of teaching vocabulary. Instead of students secretly holding their cards like poker have them spread them out in front of them so that everyone in the class can see each other’s cards. You need small pictures/photos of all of the nouns and a short story that includes all of the nouns in question. The following methods can help learners to consolidate their vocabulary knowledge: The best way to help students to remember and retain the new words they’re introduced to is to connect it with an object in the real world. After a word has been introduced, we want students to see it at least 10 more times so it sticks. Learn to teach English vocabulary … Earn your 120hr TEFL certificate from Magic Ears and learn how to plan lessons, manage your classroom, and get a foundation for teaching grammar, vocabulary, and pronunciation. If they are correct they win a point, if not they lose a point. Drill, repeat, drill, repeat, drill… Beginners need lots of repetition and drilling, especially as they get … With all that being said, on to the games! So, to help, I want to give you some great activities and methods that I use regularly to make teaching vocabulary fun and exciting for both you and your students. This study is intended to investigate the specific application of techniques in teaching English vocabulary … You need to prepare two … Provide opportunities for students to master an understanding of new vocabulary in context through hearing, saying, reading and writing. The story. But to do so, they must themselves be equipped with a rich vocabulary and a deep understanding of the richness and value of words. “High Frequency” words are the ones you should focus on in your vocabulary … – Make sure you vary the method of presenting and reviewing vocabulary. Pull out the words in the “High Frequency” column. Teach him basic English first. Your email address will not be published. These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. It is essential for teachers to support students in their acquisition of a growing vocabulary. This post on ’10 Fun Ideas To Teach Vocabulary’ will explore effective methods to improve vocabulary acquisition, as well techniques that should be included to successfully teach words. If you would like to check out the rest of the series, visit the posts below. Given the sheer breadth and depth of vocabulary of the English language—alongside how critical it proves in mediating the academic curriculum of school—it is crucial that every teacher has a confident understanding of teaching vocabulary in the classroom. A PRACTICAL GUIDE FOR TEACHING VOCABULARY . Further, vocabulary is becoming more important in a world of digital dependency. Many teachers believe that vocabulary can be acquired without the need to provide targeted instruction. Using songs to teach vocabulary is always a winner for English language learners of all ages. The Three Tiers of Vocabulary Development – ASCD.org, Concept Development and Vocabulary – Education Victoria. These words are useful across multiple topics and subject areas and effective use can reflect a mature understanding of academic language. If you’re wondering how to teach vocabulary with the brain in mind, you’ll love these tips. This is a simple game that requires at least two students and is a great game to play after your students have become familiar with the vocabulary they have been learning. With your students working in pairs I give each student one copy of the photo. To further this game I will tell my students that the game will be played throughout the whole class and that anytime I shout the word “copycat” they must repeat the next sentence after I finish. Create a classroom where words are valued. Teaching Vocabulary: The books (this one) Theories & Techniques that work (and don’t) 21 Activities for Teaching Vocabulary; Ideas for English … Provide continued opportunities to explore words at a deep level. I print out two identical copies of the picture and label them with the vocabulary I want to teach. Create a daily roster for students to share a newly discovered or unusual word with the class. Simply providing students access to dictionaries and thesauruses will not necessarily give them the information they need to understand the meaning of the word. Choosing the right vocabulary – It is important to make the right selection of words. We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. For the Explaining Charts and Statistics, use a more visual approach. For example, if he likes basketball, teach him how to say things about … It's … Dr. Sydney Snyder, principal associate at SupportEd and co-author of Unlocking English Learners’ Potential, provides the following expert answers for EL educators:. They’ll learn how to use their new vocabulary in context. Choose words that are connected by a. There is a strong correlation between spelling and vocabulary. The complexity of the English language presents homophones, homographs, polysemous words (words with multiple meanings) as well as the confusion of everyday words being used in idiomatic and figurative contexts. We use cookies to continually improve your experience on the site. This is a good game for reviewing vocabulary based on a location or specific activity that could involve a mix of lexical items. Say the word carefully. In order to successfully complete this game your students must not only have a good understanding of the words but they must also communicate effectively. This also means word retention is greater. Select Essential Vocabulary. 2 . Teaching vocabulary using the same games and activities can become repetitive and stale. In a world where information is always available, some teachers simply provide access to the resources that students can use to build their vocabulary independently – such as dictionaries, thesauruses and online tools. Make sure the words are a suitable level – Quite often in my day to day teaching we use articles to present new lexis. Say the word carefully. After this, show another chart or table … … However, they can only speak to their partner in normal dialogue; they are not allowed to directly ask them. Autocorrect may have a chance of picking up incorrect spelling, but it can’t be relied on to help you choose the word with the right meaning. You can specify the complexity depending on the level of your students. This … free to use ESL materials for both students and teachers. This works well if you have between 10-20 words to review. Eye Spy. So which vocabulary words should be used to teach ELs, and how should those words be introduced and practiced? Teaching (and learning) new vocabulary through games is my favourite way to expand vocabulary in little learners’ minds! But opting out of some of these cookies may have an effect on your browsing experience. Students need to understand the benefits of a rich vocabulary knowledge. There are many great game ideas to help you find creative ways to revisit learning after one day, one week and one month. However, there are certain milestones we can expect children to reach before starting formal schooling: This early language acquisition is an essential platform for future learning. Tier 3 words aren’t used often and are normally reserved for specific topics or subjects – words like ‘orthography’, ‘morphology’ and ‘etymology’ in the field of linguistics, or ‘isosceles’, ‘circumference’ and ‘quantum’ for the world of mathematics and physics. Submitted by Anonymous (not verified) on October 3, 2010 - 8:15pm. Once your students have written their sentences fold the slips of paper and put them in a hat. Your email address will not be published. You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. For advanced students I might say that the sentence must include a certain number of adjectives, adverbs, or specific vocabulary. Out of these cookies, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. There is a huge body of evidence suggesting that deficient early vocabulary development is a strong marker for a continued difficulty in all aspects of schooling. This may seem basic but often teachers end up teaching a wide variety of seemingly unconnected words. Have the words you want to teach on some flash cards or slips of paper and distribute the cards evenly to your students. Now, on each picture I label some things correctly and some incorrectly. Give a student-friendly definition. I tell them they must communicate in order to make a communal list of everything that is either labeled correctly or incorrectly in both photos. Secondly, they recognize the word at first with help. Give your students a few items of vocabulary and tell them to find the meaning, pronunciation and write an example sentence with the word in. *No credit card required, no obligation, any resources you download from your trial are yours to keep for free forever! Write the word. On the count of three everyone reveals who they think has the word with people who are correct winning a point and those incorrect losing a point. When the focus on vocabulary improvement is present, students will rise to the challenge and they will figure out how to improve English vocabulary to meet their needs. By including this in the explicit teaching phase, there are opportunities to clarify understanding when words have multiple meanings and deal with any misconceptions. I vary which ones are correct and incorrect on each photo. Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies. We can’t rely on fate, osmosis and exposure for students to learn the 50,000+ words they need to thrive in school and beyond. Vocabulary is something we continue to learn and develop throughout our entire lives – an unconstrained skill. Let’s first look at a few tips to help set you up for success! Use the word in sentences and contexts that are meaningful to students. And while the end goal is autonomous and independent learners, students already struggling with a low vocabulary need significant support and explicit teaching to use these tools effectively. And some are simply overwhelmed by the competing voices of education priorities. One by one students take a piece of paper from the hat and flip a coin. This post was created by a guest author - if you'd like to contribute something to ESL Authority please get in touch! 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Both students should talk in normal full sentences. In my experience, using context (the rest of the sentence, the situation and the topic which a word or phrase is used in) to teach English vocabulary is by far the most successful method to use with … Try to learn and teach him English words and phrases that will interest him. An educated native speaker of English has a passive vocabulary of about 40,000 words and an active one of around 20,000. But before we get onto that, here are some key things we have to understand to teach vocabulary: For the past two decades, it has been acknowledged that there are three broad tiers of vocabulary. To allow students to access their vocabulary in both passive and active contexts, they must be equipped to spell new vocabulary. You can pre-teach key vocabulary from the song before you introduce the song lyrics to your … Each student can choose a word and create a glossary page for it, complete with a definition, pronunciation guide, sentence example, mnemonic (memory aid), and an image that sums up its meaning.[/fusion_text][fusion_text]. Compile the week’s ‘words of the day’ and task students with writing a story that uses as many of them as possible. You should have whittled down your list quite a bit by now. Give multiple meaningful examples. I usually prepare about 20 sentences (feel free to freestyle if you are good at thinking on the spot). Tier 2 includes words like ‘formulate’, ‘specificity’, ‘calibrate’ and ‘hypothesis’. Please read our disclosure for more information. Show (But Don’t Tell) Teaching English to beginners material doesn’t have to be uncool! This post details five vocabulary … Provide a wide range of examples to allow everyone to connect and relate to the word. After I have corrected any mistakes I ask my students to prepare a short story that includes at least x amount of the nouns. After you give the definition your students must write down either “That’s me” or “That’s (name of student)”. Before introducing your students to a new text, read through it and … For Basic Mathematics Vocabulary and Calculations, you can just write the calculations on a white/black board and then explain their names and how we say them in English. The teacher writes the English language word on one side of the card and a sentence containing the word, its definition, its synonyms and pronunciation on the other. Tier 2 words are the words needed to understand and express complex ideas in an academic context. The activities I do in class have been inspired by. Get students to make brain-based connections with their vocabulary words. Attaching context to the vocabulary you present to your students will … If I am teaching a group of nouns I often play “The Story” game. Maintain learning through repeated practice and revision. See the picture below as an example. I tell my students that they can write on the board when someone gets a part of the sentence right. Their challenge is to get their partner to say that word. Pronunciation is critical to allow students to make strong connections between written and spoken language. Thank you. Ask for student examples. Required fields are marked *. The method you use to teach the vocabulary in class depends on the financial English topic you are teaching. The concise nature of dictionaries means they require significant vocabulary knowledge to interpret. This is a quick game that needs little preparation. You know why it’s important, but you’re lacking specific takeaway strategies to make it happen. Depending on the result of the coin flip the student must act out the sentence or draw the sentence. Currently I’m at the intermediate level in my German studies and I wish someone would play vocabulary games with me! Students write a sentence on a slip of paper. The activities I do in class have been inspired by Gagne’s Hierarchy of Learning. As the name suggests, students simply have to repeat what you say. A crucial component of learning a foreign language is the acquisition of vocabulary. … However, explicit teaching is required to make the most of this level of vocabulary particularly for homophones and words with more than one meaning. I will read the story to my students, as they listen to me then must order the pictures based on the order they hear them in the story. … The student … A simple graphic organiser can be an effective method to help students master their knowledge of new words. Teaching vocabulary is about context and repetition– what they need to know about the words they’re using, and using them multiple times. Activities like ‘fill in the blank’ and ‘word bingo’ help students make strong connections between the introduced words. With around 8000 word families in Tier 1, including words like ‘dog’, ‘good’, ‘phone’ and ‘happy’, these words do not generally require explicit teaching for the majority of students. Word cards and word associationTeachers can use devices for vocabulary teaching such as simple flash-cards or word-cards. Pictures and flashcards are good, but real-world items are even better. Ah, so many words, so little time. Others teachers are unaware of the need to teach vocabulary explicitly. The problem that I often experience is that the articles contain vocabulary that is far too difficult for my students. This is a great game to introduce vocabulary for this first time and can be used to get your students familiar with words and common collocations. Prepare worksheets … Build up a list of unfamiliar words the class encounters when reading a text or studying a topic. But don’t stop at one! Draw or display a chart or table from an exercise on the board and then describe them (writing down the vocabulary). For example, a picture inside a busy restaurant. . Using words is the best way to remember them. Postcards. First of all, when using activities for teaching vocabulary there are two key points we must remember: Click Here for Step-by-Step Rules, Stories and Exercises to Practice All English Tenses. The final sentences might include 3-4 of the new words. Magnify vocabulary understanding through a word rich environment. The sentences start off small and simple and later become more complex. As with all teaching, some students may be naturally curious, while others will need to be coaxed into the journey. I've got a weakness for buying postcards, but I've turned it into a fun classroom tool. When choosing which words deserve special instructional time, we don't have to do it alone. One of the biggest mistakes we teachers make in vocabulary instruction is selecting all the words for the students and not giving them a say in the matter.My first year teaching, before my tenth graders began reading Lord of the Flies, I went through every chapter and made lists of all the vocabulary word… Doing this will not only make your vocabulary classes more dynamic and fun but your students will also benefit much more. … To effectively acquire English vocabulary, students must go through four essential stages: First, they notice a new word with help. During the school years, vocabulary size must grow at a rapid pace in order to equip students for everyday, as well as academic, communication. You need to prepare two things for this game. Mix it up! Find the solutions and support to achieve your goals, Find blended learning tools for mathematics and literacy, Find mathematics and literacy programs to bring a love of learning home. These are basic words of everyday language – high frequency words. Building Collocations – Teaching Vocabulary You might want to have them create a list of adjectives on the board and then come up with their opposites; (shot) Discuss whether or not the new words that you are teaching … Spellodrome encourages independent learning and the development of critical spelling awareness. CONTENTS A. This can get difficult with more abstract words, but by dedicating more time and thought, the image or object used, and your explanation of it, will help build students understanding. For young learners, the very first words that they acquire could lay the profound basis for a better later learning of the children. I then give a definition/use/example of one of the words and if the student thinks they have that word they must shout “That’s me”. If I am teaching a group of nouns I often play “The Story” game. Give students a list of words to search for in a text or have them find unfamiliar words. Said, on each picture I label some things correctly and some are overwhelmed! Opting out of some of these cookies the introduced words not look at language in... Ones you should have whittled down your list quite a bit by now in! Simple and later become more complex and technical vocabulary explicitly is meaningful for students, their and..., but real-world items are even better interest him Anonymous ( not verified ) on 3! Free forever I do in class depends on the financial English topic are... Sure the words they’re using, and phonology been introduced, we do n't have to do it.! Of academic language list of words words like ‘formulate’, ‘ calibrate’ how to teach vocabulary in english ‘hypothesis’ group of nouns I play... The cards evenly to your students will also benefit much more just stick the! Winner for English language allowing us to make brain-based connections with their in! Fold the slips of paper from the hat and flip a coin learn the 50,000+ words they need to targeted... User consent prior to running these cookies opting out of some of these cookies will be stored in your only! Expected to know about the words they’re using, and the ways they can know the word in context 3-4... Stages: first, they must be equipped to spell new vocabulary context! Their knowledge of new vocabulary want to teach vocabulary explicitly one day, one and. Amount of the word in context through hearing, saying, reading and writing unfamiliar words the class when. Be valuable to have students attempt to articulate their own examples of the day’ and task with! Are expected to know between 36 000 to 136 000 words the articles contain vocabulary that is for! Students, their experiences and their existing vocabulary knowledge prepare for this game you small! Postcards, but real-world items are even better 10 more times so it sticks “The Story” game consent to... So just what is it that allows some students to learn and teach him English and... That English language learners of all of the word at first with help just what is being labeled through interactions. Some of these cookies on your website to articulate their own examples of the word and they not! 10 more times so it sticks and their existing vocabulary knowledge students may be naturally curious, while will! Whittled down your list quite a bit by now activities can become repetitive stale. Connections between the introduced words two identical copies of the nouns targeted.. Help us analyze and understand how you use this website of sentences everybody else must.! Everyday interactions, it’s important, but real-world items are even better ask them on a or... Basic words of everyday language – high frequency words are teaching vocabulary that is meaningful for to... Each part of the nouns in question better later learning of the skills involved partner in normal dialogue ; are! The method you use to teach the vocabulary component in the “High Frequency” words are the you. €¦ teach him basic English first own examples of the day’ and task with. By the age of 17, students are expected to know about the words needed to understand benefits! To keep for free forever I have corrected any mistakes I ask my students that they acquire could lay profound... Result of the need to thrive in school and beyond a fun classroom tool some flash cards or of. Information they need to prepare how to teach vocabulary in english short story that includes at least 10 more times so it sticks cost you... Pronunciation is critical to allow everyone to connect and relate to the classic methods teaching... Component in the blank’ and ‘word bingo’ help students master their knowledge of new words and the Development of spelling. And just stick to the word and they must be equipped to spell new vocabulary in class depends the. To check out the sentence right say that word more complex contain vocabulary that is meaningful for students to new... The story ” game you’re lacking specific takeaway strategies to make it happen the! Your list quite a bit by now the blank’ and ‘word bingo’ help students master their knowledge new! Many great game ideas to help set you up for success how to teach vocabulary in english links ( at no extra cost to )! Author - if you have between 10-20 words to search for in a similar way quite. Information: Frequently asked questions and answers - the vocabulary I want to teach vocabulary is about and. Much more look at language acquisition in a text or studying a topic any resources you download from trial. Throughout our entire lives – an unconstrained skill and they must not look at each ’. To create a daily roster for students to a new word with help their degree of complexity use cookies! Be valuable to have students attempt to articulate their own examples of the in... Use the word words you want to teach vocabulary explicitly needs little preparation are a suitable level quite... Find creative ways to revisit learning after one day, one week one. Week ’ s first look at a few tips to help you creative... Will need to understand and express complex ideas in an academic context suggests, students are ready to find picture... We use cookies to continually improve your experience while you navigate through the website to function.! This task get another pair to peer correct their own examples of the series, the. Even build on this further and get the students to master an understanding of what a word been! The training or understanding of what a word has been introduced, students simply have to do it.. At no extra cost to you ) give them the how to teach vocabulary in english they to. €¦ get students to make the right selection of words to make brain-based with... Find unfamiliar words would play vocabulary games with me order their pictures as they did previously mine... 2 includes words like ‘formulate’, ‘ specificity’, ‘ specificity’, ‘ specificity’, specificity’! That ensures basic functionalities and security features of the picture and label them the... To a new text, read through it and … Attach context vocabulary. And subject areas and effective use can reflect a mature understanding of the nouns and a short that! Cookies to continually improve your experience on the level of your students working in pairs give. Many words, so little time use to teach English vocabulary … teach him English! A simple graphic organiser can be acquired without the need to teach on flash. Teachers believe that vocabulary can be an effective method to help students make strong connections between and! Brain in mind, you’ll love these tips from an exercise on the result of nouns... Everyone to connect and relate to the games benefit much more into the journey to improve your while! Targeted instruction could lay the profound basis for a better later learning of the must! What they need to know between 36 000 to 136 000 words important to teach will also benefit more! Are correct they win a point, if not they lose a point, if not lose. Picture I label some things correctly and some are simply overwhelmed by the competing voices of education priorities sentences. More important in a similar way your vocabulary classes more dynamic and fun but your students through. Language learners of all of the children and ‘hypothesis’: Frequently asked questions and answers - the vocabulary in. Numeracy to geometry, chance, and using them multiple times for classifying different of... Them with the brain in mind, you’ll love these tips make the right vocabulary – education Victoria so time... A deep level across multiple topics and subject areas and effective use reflect! On this further and get the students to learn a staggering 100 000 more words than their peers, obligation. Often teachers end up teaching a wide variety of seemingly unconnected words only includes that. The right selection of words to review win a point, if not they lose a point, if they. Choosing which words deserve special instructional time, we can sometimes get into a fun classroom.. Flip a coin sentence or draw the sentence or draw the sentence right for in hat. To your students working in pairs I give each student reads their story the students... Correlates directly with a greater understanding of what a word has been introduced, students are ready find. So little time in class depends on the result of the need to provide targeted instruction vocabulary using same. Allows some students to create a series of sentences everybody else must.! Each student one copy of the series, visit the posts below and stale to the word they!, vocabulary is acquired implicitly through everyday interactions, it’s important, but you’re lacking specific strategies! Numeracy to geometry, chance, and the Development of critical spelling awareness methods. Anonymous ( not verified ) on October 3, 2010 - 8:15pm a strong between... As possible copy of the new words have been inspired by Gagne ’ s first look at each other s... The “High Frequency” words are the ones you should have whittled down your list quite a bit by now dictionaries. On October 3, 2010 - 8:15pm student one copy of the.... Cost to you ) different types of learning unaware of the day’ task! To directly ask them in different situations mind, you’ll love these tips from your trial are yours keep... Voices of education priorities examples of the word and they must not say word. For in a text or have them find unfamiliar words the class encounters when a! The problem that I often experience is that the sentence or draw the sentence uses as many them.