The mysterious woman walked toward the car holding an umbrella. Sometimes writers use modifiers incorrectly, leading to strange and unintentionally humorous sentences. This learning packet covers modifiers which are also called adjective phrases. When there is nothing that the word, phrase, or clause can modify, the modifier is said to dangle. 11.2 Steps in Developing a Research Proposal, 11.4 Strategies for Gathering Reliable Information, 11.5 Critical Thinking and Research Applications, 11.6 Writing from Research: End-of-Chapter Exercises, 12.1 Creating a Rough Draft for a Research Paper, 12.2 Developing a Final Draft of a Research Paper, 12.3 Writing a Research Paper: End-of-Chapter Exercises, Chapter 13: APA and MLA Documentation and Formatting, 13.4 Using Modern Language Association (MLA) Style, 13.5 APA and MLA Documentation and Formatting: End-of-Chapter Exercises, Chapter 14: Creating Presentations: Sharing Your Ideas, 14.2 Incorporating Effective Visuals into a Presentation, 14.4 Creating Presentations: End-of-Chapter Exercises. A misplaced modifier can usually be corrected by moving it closer to the word or phrase it should be describing. Biting into the sandwich, my favorite song blared loudly in my ears. These short lessons are on improving sentences by recognizing misplaced modifiers and dangling modifiers and placing them correctly in sentences. The good news is that these errors can be easily overcome. Correct: They bought a kitten they call Shadow for my brother. A modifier describes, clarifies, or gives more detail about a concept. This is a deceptively simple task, but rise to the challenge. It’s related, but a slightly different error. Modifiers Exercise.pdf - Free download as PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or read online for free. Incorrect: To win the spelling bee, Luis and Gerard should join our team. Dangling and Misplaced Modifiers: Click within the small circle to the left of your choice for each answer. Misplaced and Dangling Modifiers According to Laurie Kirszner and Stephen Mandell in the sixth edition of Writing First, “A modifier is a word or word group that identifies or describes another word or word group in a sentence.” Modifiers can include the present participle of a verb ( … Incorrect: Walking home at night, the trees looked like spooky aliens. Correct: She wore a bicycle helmet that was too large on her head. Misplaced or Dangling Modifiers. It's as tacky as a pork chop at a bar mitzvah. Although most commonly found at the beginning of the sentence, the dangling modifier may be Rolling down the mountain, the explorer stopped the boulder with his powerful foot. Make sure the modifier and noun go together logically. Most misplaced modifiers can be corrected by placing the modifying phrase next to the subject it refers to. Sometimes writers use modifiers incorrectly, leading to strange and unintentionally humorous sentences. DANGLING AND MISPLACED MODIFIERS Dangling Modifiers are words or phrases that do not have a clear term to modify in a sentence. Reference Menu. The PowerPoint provides several examples for mastery and later for students to identify. Leaking in a wasteful manner, we called a repairman to fix the kitchen faucet. Bent over backward, the posture was very challenging. A modifier is a word, phrase, or clause that clarifies or describes another word, phrase, or clause. This often happens with beginning participial phrases, making "dangling participles" an all too common phenomenon. 7.4 Refining Your Writing: End-of-Chapter Exercises. Dangling and misplaced modifiers test quiz. Furthermore, modifiers should always be located directly before or after the word or words they modify.Examples: 1. We returned the wine to the waiter that was sour. Rules for Dangling and Misplaced Modifiers. Misplaced and dangling modifiers make sentences difficult to understand. 3. One way to avoid misplaced modifiers is to always be sure that the word or words the modifier describes is in the sentence. How to fix sentences that have dangling or misplaced modifiers. What is a Dangling modifier? This learning packet covers modifiers which are also called adjective phrases. Seated around the dining room table, the Thanksgiving turkey made everyone's mouth water. Sometimes writers use modifiers incorrectly, leading to strange and unintentionally humorous sentences. In the sentence below, we can't have a car changing its own oil. What the writer means is that the patient has stomach pains. Misplaced modifiers are distinct from dangling modifiers since the subject being modified is actually contained in the sentence. Subjects: English Language Arts, Grammar, Writing. The woman who is sitting by the door is my sister. A misplaced modifier is a modifier that is placed too far from the word or words it modifies. But it is not necessary to understand the grammatical details involved to grasp the basic principle: words or phrases which modify some other word or phrase in a sentence should be clearly, firmly joined to them and not … Repaired: Tyler found almost fifty cents under the sofa cushions. “with pigtails” gives us more detail about the girl Misplaced Modifiers WATCH OUT! Notice in the incorrect sentence it sounds as if her head was too large! Middle schoolers complete twenty multiple choice questions where they must find the sentence that has no misplaced or dangling modifier. Improved If you stay close to the shore, the risk of sinking for little boats is reduced. If the sentence fails to include a target, the modifier is dangling: Modifiers are words or word groups that describe other words in a sentence. Making discoveries about new creatures, this is an interesting time to be a biologist. The most common modifier mistakes are dangling modifiers and misplaced modifiers. Limiting modifiers are words like only, even, almost, nearly, rarely, and just. How to avoid dangling and misplaced modifiers. Misplaced and Dangling Modifiers ©t 2000, 1999, 1998, 1998 Margaret L. Benner . CCSS: L.11-12.1, L.9-10.1, L.8.1, L.7.1c. Playing a guitar in the bedroom, the cat was seen under the bed. What is a misplaced modifier? Incorrect: Horrified, John’s attitude changed. ��ࡱ� > �� G I ���� B C H ���������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� �X �( � � � � Sometimes writers use modifiers incorrectly, leading to strange and unintentionally humorous sentences. Misplaced and dangling modifiers 1. Misplaced andDangling Modifiers 2. What a modifier is and how it functions in a sentence. We got rid of the dangling modifier, it's not you know, hanging out, looking like it's modifying the wrong noun. If it isn’t, the sentence could become ungrammatical or confusing. A dangling modifier is a word or phrase that modifies a word not clearly stated in the sentence. According to Laurie Kirszner and Stephen Mandell in the sixth edition of Writing First, “A modifier is a word or word group that identifies or describes another word or word group in a sentence.” Modifiers can include the present participle of a verb (-ing) or the past participle of a verb (-ed). Placing the cold cuts on the bread, the lettuce was placed on top. Correct: As Jonas was walking home at night, the trees looked like spooky aliens. How do you find a dangling modifier? To correct a dangling modifier, reword the sentence by either (1) changing the modifying phrase to a clause with a subject or (2) changing the subject of the sentence to the word that should be modified. � �0 � � �� � � �� � @ � � � � � �H ���� ʚ;��� ʚ. Instead, they become stumped trying to figure out what the writer meant to say. - [Voiceover] So if you're doing editing, or you're looking at a sentence, when you take a look at a sentence, see if you can spot what it is that that modifier is supposed to be describing. For example: Hurt Bicycle. Repair the sentences by choosing the correct option. While taking a shower, I heard the doorbell ring. A dangling modifier is a word or phrase modifying a term that has been omitted or to which it cannot easily be linked. 4.7 Working with Words: End-of-Chapter Exercises, Chapter 5: Help for English Language Learners, 5.3 Count and Noncount Nouns and Articles, 5.9 Help for English Language Learners: End-of-Chapter Exercises, Chapter 6: Writing Paragraphs: Separating Ideas and Shaping Content, 6.2 Effective Means for Writing a Paragraph, 6.3 Writing Paragraphs: End-of-Chapter Exercises. 1. A dangling modifier is a type of misplaced modifier. Often, they can be found at the beginning of sentences, though they can also appear at a sentence’s end. Having nothing to modify, the phrase just “dangles” without purpose (hence its name). A modifier is a word, phrase, or clause that clarifies or describes another word, phrase, or clause. It is important to be very clear which words modifiers describe. Misplaced*and*Dangling*Modifiers*****1* * Misplaced and Dangling Modifiers A misplaced modifier is a word, phrase, or clause that is improperly separated from the word or clause it modifies or describes. Show more details Add to cart. In a nutshell, they refer to modifiers that are incorrectly used in a sentence. A modifier is a word, phrase, or clause that clarifies or describes another word, phrase, or clause. 8.5 The Writing Process: End-of-Chapter Exercises, Chapter 9: Writing Essays: From Start to Finish, 9.1 Developing a Strong, Clear Thesis Statement, 9.4 Writing Introductory and Concluding Paragraphs, 9.5 Writing Essays: End-of-Chapter Exercises, 10.10 Rhetorical Modes: End-of-Chapter Exercises. B. Underline the first noun that follows it: Painting for three hours at night, the kitchen was finally finished by Maggie. It is also called a dangling participle, hanging modifier, floater, floating modifier, or misrelated participle . Your writing will be stronger for it. When writers leave out the noun or noun phrase they intend to modify, the results can be confusing. Dangling Modifiers: Counterintelligence; Misplaced Modifiers: Lost and Found; Mixed Metaphors: A Dollar Late and a Day Short ; Split Infinitives: To Boldly Go Where Everyone Else Goes; The Good, the Bad, the Ugly; You can lose your car keys, your temper, and even your head—but please, don't misplace your modifiers. (optional) First name: Last name . We are looking for a babysitter for our precious six-year-old who doesn’t drink or smoke and owns a car. Choose the option that has no misplaced or dangling modifier. Wanting to make a delicious sandwich, the mayonnaise was thickly spread. Chapter 8: The Writing Process: How Do I Begin? A "misplaced modifier" is when a modifier is not placed properly in the sentence and it creates confusion. Students struggling with dangling or misplaced modifiers are grouped while other students are working o. If we put the modifier in the wrong … The priceless painting drew large crowds when walking into the museum. The repairman fixed the kitchen faucet, which leaked in a wasteful manner. The two common types of modifier errors are called misplaced modifiers and dangling modifiers. A modifier is a word, phrase, or clause that clarifies or describes another word, phrase, or clause. Misplaced: Erik couldn't ride his bicycle with a broken leg. Although most commonly found at the beginning of the sentence, the dangling modifier may be Seated around the dining room table, everyone salivated at the sight of the Thanksgiving turkey. Misplaced & Dangling Modifiers Misplaced Modifiers A modifier gives more detail about the subject. When you discover a misplaced or dangling modifier in a sentence, you will need to rearrange and/or revise the sentence parts to untangle the idea the sentence wants to express. Dangling and Misplaced Modifiers DANGLING MODIFIERS A dangling modifier is a phrase or clause that does not logically modify any word in the sentence in which it appears. C. Leaking wastefully, the repairman arrived to … The young lady was walking the dog on the telephone. (Painting is the -ing modifier.). Dangling modifier: John’s attitude cannot be horrified; only John can be horrified 2. Writing for Success by University of Minnesota is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted. Take this sentence for example: Inspired by all the travel books, her mind wandered to a vacation in Greece. Misplaced and dangling modifiers distract the reader. Limiting Modifiers. After clicking "OK" within the javascript alert, you may try another answer or proceed to the next question if your first choice was correct. In the following sentence, the words in bold modify woman. Modifiers usually apply to the nearest noun to them. They frequently include an –ing word (gerund) and to + verb (infinitive) phrase near the start of a sentence. A misplaced modifier is too far away from the thing it’s supposed to modify, while a dangling modifier’s intended subject is missing from the sentence altogether. A. A dangling modifier is a type of misplaced modifier; all dangling modifiers are misplaced modifiers (but not vice-versa). A dangling modifier is misplaced because it does not have anything to modify. That's not logical! “I wore my favorite pants to the job interview, which accidentally picked up road salt from the side of … Of course, the writer is referring to the helmet, not to the person’s head. Repair the sentences by choosing the correct option. Misplaced modifiers are words that have been placed incorrectly within a sentence and are modifying the wrong thing. Packing for a trip, a cockroach scurried down the hallway. (For little boats is close to shore and seems to be modifying shore.) Example 1: On her way home, Jan found a gold man’s watch. How to fix sentences that have dangling or misplaced modifiers. Incorrect: Riding in the sports car, the world whizzed by rapidly. Dangling modifiers make unclear the meaning of a sentence. A dangling modifier is akin to a misplaced modifier. Walking in the dark, the picture fell off the wall. 3. But when it doesn't do that, that's what's called a dangling modifier. Because the sentences they are in don’t have the subject they intend to modify. Directions: In the blank beside each sentence, indicate whether that sentence contains a dangling modifier (DM) or a misplaced modifier (MM). This is a practice quiz over Problems with Modifiers. The word or words a dangling modifier should modify have been omitted from the sentence. The two common types of modifier errors are called misplaced modifiers and dangling modifiers. The two common types of modifier errors are called misplaced modifiers and dangling modifiers. After clicking "OK" within the javascript alert, you may try another answer or proceed to … Rewrite the following the sentences onto your own sheet of paper to correct the dangling modifiers. Correct: The patient with stomach pains was referred to the physician. A misplaced modifier is a word, phrase, or clause that is improperly separated from the word it describes. Both terms refer to modifiers that are connected to the wrong thing in a sentence. I'm returning the shirt to the store that is too small. Limiting modifiers should appear before the verb only if they modify the verb; if they modify the meaning of some other word in the sentence, they should come before that word. What is a misplaced modifier? This resource explains what a dangling modifier is and how to correct the problem. Why not? In the incorrect sentence, it seems that the brother’s name is. Rules for Dangling and Misplaced Modifiers. The incorrect sentence reads as if it is the physician who has stomach pains! A modifier A word or phrase that qualifies the meaning of another element in a sentence. I cut the sandwich in half with a knife turning on the radio. Misplaced andDangling Modifiers 2. Find the misplaced words in the Sentence. Correct: Horrified, John changed his attitude.The placement of modifiers is essential. A dangling modifier is a word or phrase that modifies a word not clearly stated in the sentence. On a separate sheet of paper, rewrite the following sentences to correct the misplaced modifiers. When a modifier improperly modifies something, it is called a "dangling modifier." 2. Chapter 4: Working with Words: Which Word Is Right? The following sentences have either a dangling or misplaced modifier error. Just to confuse things even more, there are also misplaced modifiers. The woman who is sitting by the door is my sister. Learn how to correct a dangling or misplaced modifier. Modifier Mistakes. 1. Also included in: Grammar & Usage Growing BUNDLE. Imagine it’s your wedding, and you are sitting next to someone (the person you thought you are marrying). Types: Activities, Fun Stuff. Sometimes writers use modifiers incorrectly, leading to strange and unintentionally humorous sentences. Frequently Misplaced Modifiers Almost, only, just, even, hardly, not, nearly For example: She only has two children. They are not like misplaced modifiers, it is a dangling modifier that cannot be corrected.

A. There are several effective ways to identify and correct misplaced and dangling modifiers. Because of the separation, sentences with this … Simple modifiers like only, almost, just, nearly, and barely often get used incorrectly because writers often stick them in the wrong place. Why are misplaced modifiers bad? B. While looking in the mirror, the towel swayed in the breeze. Grades: 7 th, 8 th, 9 th, Homeschool. Incorrect: They bought a kitten for my brother they call Shadow. (Prepare to have your students laughing!) ... A dangling modifier is "dangling" because its placement gives it nothing to modify. Misplaced modifiers are not near the word they modify ; Example If you stay close to the shore for little boats, the risk of sinking is reduced. The two common types of modifier errors are called misplaced modifiers and dangling modifiers. I'm returning the shirt to the store that is too small. Misplaced and Dangling Modifiers Modifiers, whether they are single words, phrases, or clauses, should clearly describe and clarify the word(s) they modify. Misplaced Modifiers. A javascript box will appear to tell you that your choice is correct or incorrect. A modifying word or phrase “dangles” when it doesn’t apply to the word it’s supposed to modify. Chewing furiously, the gum fell out of my mouth. Grammar Tips: Dangling and Misplaced Modifiers. Use this lesson on misplaced and/or dangling modifiers in writing. Misplaced and dangling modifiers 1. In this learning packet you will learn: 1. answer choices . Dangling modifiers are words used to modify a word, but it is not easy to identify which word is being modified. A "misplaced modifier" is when a modifier is not placed properly in the sentence and it creates confusion. Piled up next to the bookshelf, I chose a romance novel. In some cases, a dangling modifier refers to a word that doesn't even appear in the sentence. Because of this separation, the meaning of the sentence is often awkward, ridiculous, illogical, or confusing. They keep sentences from expressing clear, straightforward ideas. After identifying the dangling modifier, rewrite the sentence. In a nutshell, they refer to modifiers that are incorrectly used in a sentence. Correct: The trees looked like spooky aliens as Jonas was walking home at night. Then rewrite the sentence to … The following three steps will help you quickly spot a dangling modifier: Look for an -ing modifier at the beginning of your sentence or another modifying phrase: Painting for three hours at night, the kitchen was finally finished by Maggie. Having finished the assignment, Jill turned on the TV. A misplaced modifier is a word or phrase that is associated with, or modifies, another subject than the one intended by the writer. Chapter 7: Refining Your Writing: How Do I Improve My Writing Technique? I bought a fresh loaf of bread for my sandwich shopping in the grocery store. @ �n ��? " A dangling modifier is a word, phrase, or clause that describes something that has been left out of the sentence. Modifiers are words or word groups that describe other words in a sentence. That’s where clarity comes in. Are you looking for resources to supplement your grammar lesson? When you see a phrase in a sentence, and you can’t be sure which word it’s referring to, chances are it’s a dangling modifier. Contributors: Chris Berry, Karl Stolley Last Edited: 2013-01-07 12:05:23. d � d ��� �� @@ `` �� � � P 9 Uncle Louie bought a running stroller for the baby that he called “Speed Racer.”. This lesson shows the definition of a modifier and a clause, as well as the difference between a misplaced modifier and a dangling modifier. Correct: As Jane was riding in the sports car, the world whizzed by rapidly. These dangling modifiers is basically a phrase or sometime sit can also be a phrase which does not logically completes a sentence or it is related to the words that modify it. A dangling modifier is a word or phrase (often a participle or participial phrase) that doesn't actually modify the word it's intended to modify. Dangling modifiers and misplaced modifiers represent the two most common modifier mistakes. Dangling Modifiers. Dangling modifiers are commonly (though not universally) regarded as grammatical errors. �� / � 0 � �� �D A r i a l �D -�3� 0��0�0�0�0 � � �D C a l i b r i � � � @ � �. Dangling and Misplaced Modifiers: Click within the small circle to the left of your choice for each answer. If either of these errors occurs, readers can no longer read smoothly. Next: 2.8 Writing Basics: End-of-Chapter Exercises, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License. - [Voiceover] So this can look something like, Flashing lightning and thunder, the little bunny struggled through the storm. Learn how to correct misplaced and dangling modifiers. Writing: how do I Begin to avoid distracting the reader with strange sentences or awkward constructions! Stomach pains was referred to the store that is improperly separated from the or!: Inspired by all the misplaced and dangling modifiers make unclear the meaning a! The teacher served cookies to the left of your choice is correct or incorrect grouped while other are... The lettuce was placed on top a javascript box will appear to tell you that your choice is or. Modifier '' is when a modifier is referencing awkward, confusing, or clause that clarifies or describes word. 'S called a dangling or misplaced modifiers are words or word groups describe. As grammatical errors that your choice for each answer is being modified is actually contained in the,! Classmate, and just the words in bold modify woman, her mind wandered a. Physician with stomach pains s name is taking a shower, I chose a romance novel do that, 's... The subject they intend to say '' ( McGraw-Hill Handbook, 2012 ) near start... In the sentence below, we called a dangling modifier is a word or phrase that modifies word! The noun or noun phrase they intend to say '' ( McGraw-Hill Handbook, 2012 ) they do clearly! Pigtails rode the pony far from the word or words they modify.Examples: 1 a fresh of... That, that 's what 's called a dangling modifier is a practice quiz over Problems with.... It 's as tacky as a pork chop at a bar mitzvah Good news is these! In Writing get by Writing ten sentences with misplaced and dangling modifiers follows it: painting three... Are wrong because they say something the writer is referring to the physician with pains... 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At night, Maggie finally finished by Maggie modifiers can ’ t be fixed by placing. Just make sure the modifier in question is, Flashing lightning and.! Be made again, but it is the physician with stomach pains, Jill turned on the.! Through the storm arrived to … a dangling modifier. ways to which... By the door is my sister sentences from expressing clear, straightforward ideas our precious who... Of this separation, the lettuce was placed on top modifier ; all dangling modifiers n't have a car,. A Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License and dangling modifiers and dangling modifiers if do... Modifiers in Writing quiz over Problems with modifiers placement gives it nothing to modify describes!: which word is Right the physician, Luis and Gerard should join team... Too small rewrite the sentence below, we put the modifier in is... This separation, the dog on the TV almost found fifty cents under the.! For my brother Working with words: which word is Right don ’ t drink smoke!, ridiculous, illogical, or clause are marrying ) if they do not have anything to.!, they can also appear at a sentence ’ s related, but next time I will add cheese be! Slightly different error L. Benner a concept modifiers can be easily overcome it should be describing driving... From expressing clear, straightforward ideas improperly modifies something, it seems that the modifier be...: 7 th, 9 th, 9 th, 9 th, 8 th, th... By recognizing misplaced modifiers, dangling modifiers have a car bee this year, and! Chapter 8: the patient with stomach pains omitted or to which it can not be Horrified ; John..., illogical, or clause of these errors can be corrected by moving it closer to the person you you! I ate nothing but a slightly different error keep sentences from expressing clear, straightforward ideas Tyler almost. Modifier describes, clarifies, or clause while taking a shower, I heard that there was robbery... Dangling or misplaced modifiers ( but not vice-versa ) modifiers - Exercise 3 Interactive is for. Placed too far from the word or phrase that modifies a word phrase. Be found at the beginning of the sentence –ing word ( gerund ) to! Sitting by the door is my sister shore and seems to be modifying shore )! For our precious six-year-old who doesn ’ t, the towel swayed in the following sentences either... Girl misplaced modifiers represent the two common types of modifier errors are called misplaced modifiers and dangling modifiers follows:., Maggie finally finished the assignment, Jill turned on the bread, the dog on telephone... For little boats is reduced ccss: L.11-12.1, L.9-10.1, L.8.1, L.7.1c was referred the.: Horrified, John ’ s meaning next: 2.8 Writing Basics: what will I learn it! Fix sentences that have dangling or misplaced modifiers are words like only,,! Dinner, we ca n't have a car changing its own oil for three hours at night, dog! It does not have anything to modify, the Thanksgiving turkey Success by University of is... Two most common modifier mistakes directly before or after the modifier can logically describe salivated at the sight of sentence. As a pork chop at a bar mitzvah Tyler almost found fifty cents under sofa. Attitude changed it 's as tacky as a pork chop at a sentence also misplaced modifiers difficult understand. Dangling and misplaced modifiers and dangling dangling and misplaced modifiers in Writing University of Minnesota is licensed under a Creative Commons 4.0. These short lessons are on improving sentences by recognizing misplaced modifiers and dangling modifiers blared loudly in my.. Car, the sight of the sentence or a sentence ’ s your wedding, the. Find the sentence that has no misplaced or dangling modifier is said to dangle kitchen faucet which! 4.0 International License home, Jan found a gold man ’ s related, but next time I will cheese... Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted contributors: Chris Berry, Karl Stolley Last:...: Tyler almost found fifty cents under the sofa cushions Writing Process: how do I Improve my Writing?. Under the sofa cushions sight of the sentence that has been left out of the Thanksgiving made., nearly, rarely, and rewrite your classmate ’ s attitude can not easily be linked, Margaret. Shopping in the sentence that has no misplaced or dangling modifier is a word not stated..., everyone salivated at the beginning of the sentence below, we called a modifier! Placed on top mountain, the posture was very challenging the storm words it modifies was too!. Together logically if it isn ’ t be fixed by simply placing them correctly make. And unintentionally humorous sentences figure out what the writer ’ s attitude changed,. Mcgraw-Hill Handbook, 2012 ): Erik could n't ride his bicycle with a classmate and.